Mesothelioma in the present times is one of the most dangerous cancers in the world. Its cure is impossible and even its detection is quite difficult. The symptoms of mesothelioma are very much similar to some of the commonly occurring diseases. As a result even if the patient is showing the signs of having mesothelioma, it would be difficult for the doctor to diagnose it as such. There are mainly three types of mesothelioma that have the highest rate of incidence. These three types are the pleural mesothelioma, the pericardial mesothelioma and the peritoneal mesothelioma.
The Pleural mesothelioma: The primary cause of pleural mesothelioma is the exposure of the individual to the mineral asbestos. When the asbestos fiber gets lodged in between the mesothelium membrane surrounding the lungs then the cancer is known as the pleural mesothelioma. The cancer of pleural mesothelioma has the highest rate of occurrence. The asbestos fiber once inside the pleural membrane remains dormant for a long period of time. After this latency period, these fibers start interfering with the working of the mesothelial cells. This interference leads to the development of the cancerous tissues.
The Pericardial Mesothelioma: When the asbestos fibers start interfering with the mesothelial cells in the pericardial region then the resultant cancer is known as the pericardial mesothelioma. The mesothelium membrane surrounding the heart region is known as the pericardial membrane. The asbestos fibers after a long latency period start interfering with the working of the pericardial cells. This interference leads to the development of the cancerous cells in the pericardial region.
The Peritoneal Mesothelioma: The mesothelium membrane surrounding the abdominal region is known as the peritoneal membrane. When the asbestos fibers get lodged in between the peritoneal region then the resultant cancer is known as the peritoneal cancer. Just like in the other two cases, the peritoneal cancer occurs when the asbestos fibers after a long period of latency start interfering with the working of the peritoneal cells.
All the above three forms of mesothelioma are devastating for the patient as there is no permanent cure for this cancer. Once a person has been diagnosed with this cancer, the only option left to him is make his remaining life pain free and comfortable.